Category Archives: IT SUPPORT – ASK THE COMMUNITY

SSH Connections

SSH Connections

SSH or Secure Shell is a cryptographic network protocol. SSH was designed to replace Telnet is was a client-server protocol, based on a reliable connection-oriented transport. Typically, this protocol is used to establish a connection to Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) port number 23. There are other insecure means of connecting to computers. Different versions of SSH exist. The major versions are SSH1 and SSH2. A good hosting companies require their users to use the SSH2 protocol as it provides the most up to date protection and security.SSH is most commonly used to set up secure connections to an SSH daemon running on a remote server. Common uses include securely transferring files, securely logging/remote administration of remote servers, and secure FTP.


How to connect via SSH in Windows, Mac OS X and Linux:


Windows – PuTTy

PuTTy is a free application that can be downloaded from the internet download available here

  1. In this application, under Session, enter your Domain Name as your Host Name
  2. Under SSH, choose 2 from Preferred SSH Protocol Version
  3. Under SSH -> Auth in PuTTY, you will need to tell it where your private key can be found.
  4. Save your settings to be used in future sessions – Under Sessions, type a name (such as “my site”) in the Saved Sessions box and click Save.

Mac – Terminal

Terminal is used with Apple Mac OS X

      1. Open the Applications => Utilities folder/
      2. Open Terminal
      3. Enter the following:
        ssh [email protected]

Note: You would enter your control panel username as the username for SSH. You can find the username in the statistics column on the left hand side of the control panel.

    1. Press Return

The first time you connect:

The first time you connect you will be prompted to verify the authenticity of the host:

The authenticity of host 'example-site.com' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is da:e5:96:49:99:75:d7:79:45:75:7d:62:0c:5a:1f:0d.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?

      1. Verify the domain name is correct.
      2. Type in Yes.
      3. Press Return
    1. Enter your cPanel password.
    2. Press Return

Note: You will not see any characters while entering your password.

Linux – Terminal

Terminal: Both Gnome and KDE ship with a Terminal application.

      1. Open Terminal
      2. Enter the following:
        ssh [email protected]

Note: You would enter your cPanel username as the username for SSH. You can find the username in the Stats column on the left hand side of the cPanel.

    1. Press Enter

The first time you connect:

The first time you connect you will be prompted to verify the authenticity of the host:

The authenticity of host 'example.com' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is da:e5:96:49:99:75:d7:79:45:75:7d:62:0c:5a:1f:0d.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?

      1. Verify the domain name is correct.
      2. Type in Yes.
      3. Press Enter
    1. Enter your cPanel password.
    2. Press Enter

Note: You will not see any characters while entering your password.

Playing Classic Games on Apple

Playing Classic Games on Apple

Below is a list of emulators for playing classic games on Apple systems, please note that N64 emulators are notoriously buggy on all operating systems

Recommended: OpenEmu | All-in-one emulator for Mac (Requires OS X 10.7 or higher)

MacMAME Arcade
Stella Atari 2600
Jum52 Atari 5200
Atari800MacX Atari 5200
SDLMESS Atari 7800
Virtual Jaguar Atari Jaguar
Handy Atari Lynx
Frodo Commodore 64
Boycott Advance Gameboy Advance
Visual Boy Advance Gameboy Advance / Color
KiGB Gameboy Advance / Color
OpenEmu Multiple Systems
NeoRaine Neo Geo CD
Neopocott Neo Geo Pocket
RockNES Nintendo
Nestopia Nintendo
sixtyforce Nintendo 64
Mupen64 Nintendo 64
DeSmuME Nintendo DS
Dolphin Nintendo Gamecube
Fusion Sega CD / Master System / More
lxdream Sega Dreamcast
Generator Sega Genesis
Genesis Plus Sega Genesis
SMS Plus Sega Master System / Game Gear
Yabause Sega Saturn
PCSX-Reloaded Sony Playstation
PCSX2 Sony Playstation 2
JPCSP Sony Playstation Portable
Fuzzbug Spectrum ZX
BSNES Super Nintendo
Snes9x Super Nintendo
ViBE Virtual Boy
Oswan Wonderswan


Did you know? You can play ROMs on your Android / iPhone / Windows Phone! Visit m.coolrom.com on your mobile device now to get set up!

 

Games can be found by Google searching the name of the game you want followed by ROM

The Pros & Cons of Cloud Server Hosting in Business

The Pros & Cons of Cloud Server Hosting in Business

By James Allen – 7/31/2014

The Pros & Cons of Cloud Server Hosting in Business – Cloud Server Hosting in Business tends to be wired for self-reliance and this runs deep, which is why many small to medium sized businesses manage their own servers.

That said, times are changing and increasingly businesses are looking to move to the cloud. While some are likely to continue buying hardware, look for the pace of cloud migration to accelerate as more and more applications become cloud-ready.

What’s behind the decision to remain with an in-house solution or embrace cloud server hosting? A businesses that is spread wide over many locations comes to reach a fork in the road because it has pushed its servers to the end of their useful lives and is now in need to do something about it.

They have heard the benefits of cloud server hosting: flexibility, cost savings and access to data for employees wherever they are. They might have heard that educational institutions that adopt cloud technologies enjoy can make the most of reduced costs. They may have even read that some businesses are losing money as a result of ineffective IT management, and that they could avoid that fate by using a cloud server.

For some businesses especially those with greater operational autonomy, whatever their makeup and business focus—there seems to be little question that a cloud based environment is the way to go. The same goes for schools with high internal IT costs or those requiring more compute power.

And, with the emergence of the trend toward bring-your-own-device, these educational institutions are wise to consider that their employees to use mobile apps on their smartphone and rely on cloud data to make them more productive. These applications simply didn’t exist a few years ago, and their growth and benefits are undeniable.

But for the majority of businesses considering a move to the cloud, is not always so straightforward. Smart administrators and IT professionals who have existing applications running on old servers must weigh their options. In most cases, the final decision is a financial one. While most businesses don’t provide identical services at a uniform cost, most businesses can query various routes to determine the average cost per month per user to move their existing applications to cloud servers.

At that point, they must do the numbers and compare the cost of moving to the cloud versus buying new hardware plus the associated costs of internal IT and maintenance. Before investing in new equipment, they must determine the length of time need to achieve ROI on those servers—and compare that to the monthly cost of cloud server hosting.

The Pros & Cons of Cloud Server Hosting in Business Conclusion;

Although the cloud has power this does put a strain on your local internet connection.

The cloud company who may offer your service could suffer a DDOS attack. A much larger organisation like this, is much more susceptible to one of these attacks than a smaller organisation, who hosts their own IT in house.

A DDOS attack;

  1. Distributed Denial of Service Attack (DDoSDefinition. A denial of service (DoS) attack is a malicious attempt to make a server or a network resource unavailable to users, usually by temporarily interrupting or suspending the services of a host connected to the Internet.

If your systems are managed by a larger company, they are dealing with a large number of businesses which subsequently have less focus than in house I.T staff within your business.

There are advantages and disadvantages these are purely based on your business set up, this has to be looked into by an IT professional.

Advance Computer Solutions

http://advancepcs.co.uk/business

Sync Your iOS With New Computer Without Losing Data

Syncing your existing iOS device with a new computer can be a daunting task, especially when you don’t want to lose any data that’s already on the device. Making the new computer accept your iOS device can be difficult, but certainly not impossible. So let’s go ahead and see how you can sync your existing iPod Touch, iPhone, or iPad with a new computer, without losing any existing content on the device.

Please note, although you might be able to get almost all of your data back on the iOS device once you’re able to sync with the new computer, but probably not everything (play counts, etc.). We don’t intend to leave anything behind, but failure is always an option. Proceed with caution at all times. And even though you might not have an iPod to deal with, check out the previous part of this guide based on iPods, it has lots of stuff to refer from, and is linked several times in this post. Keep reading.

As mentioned in the previous part of the guide, ‘syncing with a new computer’ essentially means making iTunes on the new computer accept your device as it is. In such a case when you connect your existing iOS device with a new computer, iTunes would usually offer you to ‘erase and replace’ all the content on the device with the data in the new computer’s iTunes library. Of course, you wouldn’t want to do that. We’ve covered this before, if you have the older computer up and running (or a backup of it), you can transfer the iTunes library from that computer to the new one, and Apple officially supports you doing so. But if you’re trying to sync your iOS device with a new computer while the old computer has given up (and if you don’t have a backup at hand), things will be a lot more complex. Last time, we showed you how to sync an iPod with a new computer without losing data, and it was a pretty easy task. For iOS, things are a little different. There’s much more content that has to be backed up before you proceed.

Speaking of backup, Apple has introduced a new feature for backups, and it’s called iCloud. You can set up iCloud, so that all the data on your device is constantly synced to the cloud. Once you want to sync with a new computer, you can provide it with your iCloud ID and password, and all your data will be downloaded to that computer. It’s that simple, but as long as your device is running iOS 5.

If you’ve read the post on syncing your iPod without losing data, you might remember that we used two approaches. We will use both here. The first one, transferring Apple-authorized data from the iOS device to the new computer. Second, extracting non-Apple data from the device and (erasing and) syncing it again on the device. After all this, your iOS device will (hopefully) look the same as it did earlier, the only difference would be that you’ll have a computer ready to accept and sync the iOS device.

Transferring Purchases (Apps, Books, Music, Videos)

Let’s start by transferring those items to your iTunes library which you have purchased or downloaded via iTunes store/App store using your Apple ID. To avoid any inconvenience in the coming steps, be sure to uncheck ‘Avoid iPods, iPhones, and iPads from syncing automatically’ from iTunes Preferences.

Now we will try to authorize the new computer for use with the iOS device. Navigate to Store> Authorize this Computer. Enter your Apple ID and password (the one that you used for purchasing music and apps currently on your iOS device). This will take a moment. This is where we begin the process. Right-click your iOS device in the sidebar and click ‘Transfer Purchases’.

You’ll see the transfer in progress. This will transfer all the iTunes-purchased content from the device to the iTunes library, including music, apps, videos, books, etc.

Once the transfer is complete, click your iOS device in the sidebar, and click the ‘Apps’ tab. At this point, ‘Sync Apps’ will be unchecked. Click to check it, and iTunes will ask you if you want to replace all apps on the iOS device with the apps in the iTunes library.

WHAT?

Don’t panic! Remember we’ve just transferred all the apps from your iOS device to your iTunes library, so it’s just a matter of clicking ‘Sync Apps’. Nothing will happen (well, in my case, nothing happened, and it’s supposed to be the same for you). Why? Because iTunes knows that all the apps which are in the iTunes library are also in the iOS device, so it would be really silly to erase all those apps and then reinstall all of them. So, nothing happens. From this point onwards, you can add/remove apps from your iOS device. All your apps are safe. Also, all the media content purchased from iTunes is also safe, since it was transferred to iTunes when you clicked ‘Transfer Purchases’.

All that’s left now is to manually extract the music (that you probably ripped and copied), videos, photos, and ringtones from your iOS device to the computer, and then sync all this stuff back to the device so that it looks exactly the same as it did before, and in addition, it will be syncable with the new computer. Let’s go.

Recovering Media (music, videos, voice memos, ringtones) from the iOS device

The process for manually extracting music from an iOS device is the same as for iPods (as mentioned in the previous guide). Windows users can use SharePod and Mac users can try Senuti. As described earlier, SharePod can recover a variety of media (but without identifying the media type). In case of an iOS device, it can extract music, videos, playlists, voice memos, photos, and even ringtones from the iOS device, and copy all the media to your computer. Once copied, you can import all the stuff back into iTunes, let it erase this content from your iOS device, and sync it back.

Connect the iOS device to the computer, make sure iTunes is not running. Open SharePod. It will recognize the device instantly. All your media will be displayed in the SharePod window. If you wish to recover everything (and you should), press Ctrl+A, and click the Copy to Computer button. Choose how you want the extracted media to be categorized, and whether or not you want the extracted media to be automatically imported into iTunes. Once that’s done, click the Ok button to start copying the media from the iOS device to the computer.

Recovering Photos

If you want to extract photos from the iOS device, click the ‘Photos’ button in the SharePod sidebar. Next, select the photo albums (folders) you want to copy the photos from. You cannot select individual photos, so you’ll have to copy the entire album to your computer. Click Copy Photos to Computer, specify a location, and the photos from your iOS device will be copied to that location.

However, please note that these photos might not be the same size as the originals (that you synced in the first place), because photos are resized (and optimized) before syncing to an iOS device.

Let’s go through our checklist once again.

✔ Music

✔ Videos

✔ Photos

✔ Apps

✔ Books

✔ Podcasts

✔ The iOS device can now sync with the new computer. Awesome!